What viscosizers are? Viscosizers are cosmetic raw materials used to make formulations thicker and more viscous and are the basic constituents of gels. They can be classified according to their origin: natural: obtained from plants and microorganisms. modified naturals: synthetic derivatives of naturals. synthetic: synthesized from petroleum derivatives. inorganic: mineral substances and their modified derivatives […]

pH stabilisizers

pH stabilisers

pH stabilisers. Let’s talk about pH stabilisers. The term ‘pH’ was introduced in 1909 by the Danish chemist Søren Sørensen. In chemistry, pH is a quantity that measures the acidity or basicity of a solution. pH values vary in a range from 0 to 14 where: a pH value of 7 indicates a neutral solution […]



What emulsions are? Creams, or emulsions, are systems in which there is an oil phase and an aqueous phase. However, it is well known that it is impossible to mix water and oil because they tend to separate. So how do creams become homogenous? Thanks to emulsifiers! To try to diminish the separation phenomenon, an […]



What preservatives are? Preservatives are not only used in the food sector, but also in the cosmetics field. Our cosmetics as products that can spoil or grow bacteria, fungi, and yeasts, but without the assistance of preservatives, cosmetics could become harmful. Preservatives in cosmetics Preserving cosmetic formulations using appropriate preservatives, especially those containing a large […]

hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic Acid

What Hyaluronic Acid is? Hyaluronic Acid is a hydrophilic molecule (a substance capable of binding with water and retaining it) that possesses the ability to retain up to a thousand times its weight in water. The different molecular weights intervene at a different level of the epidermis, guaranteeing a conspicuous supply of water, thus reducing […]



What allantoin is? Allantoin is a raw material that occurs as a white crystalline powder that is poorly soluble in water. This molecule is the end product of the oxidative process of uric acid and is naturally present in both animals and plants. For example, it is found in the leaves of Symphytum officinale (comfrey […]

The skin

What is the definition of “skin”? The skin is an important organ because it acts as a barrier at the interface between our organism and the external environment. It has various functions, including, primarily, that of covering and protecting. The functionality of this organ is linked to its integrity, especially that of the outermost superficial […]



What are emollients? To properly understand the meaning of “emollient,” it is necessary to distinguish this concept from “soothing.” Creams with soothing agents are used in cases of dermatitis, as they have a drying and astringent and anti-inflammatory action. Soothing agents are occlusive, and these include vaseline, vegetable oils such as avocado oil, and vitamin […]

fragrances and aromas

Fragrances and aromas

Fragrances and aromas: the differences The topic of fragrances and aromas in cosmetics is complex and often much debated since it refers to one’s personal taste. In fact, it is not unusual to see the same cosmetic product promoted or rejected because of its fragrance. Although, in recent years, it happens more and more frequently […]

Argan oil

Argan oil

Argan Oil: from the past to the present Argan oil is extracted from a valuable plant that grows exclusively in Morocco, called Argania. From the kernel of this plant, the famous Argan oil is extracted. Its benefits have been recognized since ancient times, so much so that the tree from which this oil is extracted […]